It’s small, fast, and github is rad. So I am trying to learn it.
# Setup git config --global --list git config --global user.name "Ken-ichi" git config --global user.email "firstname.lastname@example.org" # The colors, children. Mm-hey git config --global color.diff auto git config --global color.status auto git config --global color.branch auto # Getting Info git remote -v # Display the remote repository URL git log # duh git show COMMIT # equivalent of svn log -r REV_NUM, but with diffs # Diffing git diff COMMIT1..COMMIT2 # duh git whatchanged --since="1 day ago" -p # show changes in date range, commit by commit git diff $(git rev-list -n1 --before="1 day ago" master) # same as above by by file git log origin/master..master # show changes between remote and local # Committing git add . git commit -a # Amending git commit -a --amend # Reverting git reset --hard HEAD # revert everything to HEAD git checkout path/to/file # reset a single file git checkout HEAD path/to/file # reset a file you just deleted with git rm git reset --soft HEAD^ # unstage last commit if you forgot something git fetch --all && git reset --hard origin/master # reset and overwrite conflicting untracked files git revert COMMIT # undo the changes in a commit in a new commit # Checking out previous states git checkout COMMIT git checkout master # to get back # Stashing git stash # stash changes on this branch so you can switch and work on something else git stash pop # bring back the stashed changes # Pushing to another repos # could be local like /path/to/somewhere # or ssh://email@example.com/path/to/repos git push path/to/repos git push origin master # if you cloned from a remote named origin # to switch origins git remote rm origin git remote add origin 'path/to/a/bare/repo' # note that when sharing a repo with others, you will all want to push/pull from a *bare* repo made with git clone --bare path/to/repo # See http://www.kernel.org/pub/software/scm/git/docs/user-manual.html#public-repositories # Branching and merging git branch new_branch && git checkout new_branch # make a new branch and switch to it git checkout -b new_branch # same as above git diff master..new_branch # diff two branches git merge other_branch git mergetool -t opendiff # resolve conflicts in a merge with FileMerge git branch --track localbranchname origin/remotebranchname # track a remote branch. you might need to git fetch before this will work git push origin local_branch # push local_branch to a remote repo. Will create new local_branch in remote if not there already # Collaboration - add an origin, tracking branch, cherry pick git remote add -f originname git://github.com/username/repo.git git branch --track localbranch originname/remotebranch # or whatever branch you want git fetch # pull in updates git checkout master && git cherry-pick [commit] # Integrating a range of commits from a branch. # using cherry-pick git cherry-pick [first commit]..[last commit # using rebase --onto git checkout -b integration # create a branch to integrate changes (optional) git branch -f integration [last commit] # set integration branch to last commit git checkout -b tmp # create a tmp branch, not sure why this is necessary git rebase --onto tmp [first commit]~1 integration # replay from 1 before first commit to last commit # the above will leave you in integration with the range of commits applied. # You can then remove tmp and merge/rebase into a more stable branch # note that in a hierarchical repo network, e.g. there is one authoritative # repo and several developers have their own forks, it's usually good practice # to *merge* from the forks into the authoritative repo, and *rebase* from the # authoritative repo into the forks. Same applies to dev branches / master # branch. I think it has something to do with resolving conflicts, though I # haven't really hit a major issue with it yet. # Adding a submodule git submodule init git submodule add path/to/remote/repo path/to/local/checkout git submodule update git commit -m "I just added a submodule" # Updating a submodule cd path/to/local/checkout git pull origin master # or wherever you're pulling from cd ../back/to/main/repo git submodule update git commit -m "I just updated a submodule"